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Annexure VI: Sl. No. 7-d (i)

Objectives of the Project

 

The major objectives of the study are as follows:

 

  1. To understand the trend in declining sex ration of last 50 years (1971-2011) in West Godavari District.
  2. To identify and to investigate the effects of declining sex ratio in the socio-cultural, economic conditions of West Godavari District
  3. To conduct a situational analysis of services available for abortion in the study area
  4. To assess the various demographic, socio-cultural, economic and other factors contributing to the declining sex ratio
  5. To identify strategic and to suggest different measures to control the declining sex ration and their impact on the adverse sex ratio
  6. To determine sex ration of age group and to identify strategies and suggest different measures to control the declining sex ratio
  7. Identify sex ratio of educated and un-educated people from urban rural area


 

Annexure VII: Sl. No. 12

Achievements

 

In the backdrop of alarming magnitude of missing women due to unequal treatment in the intertemporal and spatial trends and socioeconomic determinants of the spatial variations in the relative neglect of girl child in West Godavari. Using fixed effects model of pooled least squares for the last four decennial census data across fifteen major states in West Godavari, the paper revealed that higher socio-economic characteristics (female literacy, female work force participation and economic growth) has not been translated effectively in terms of containing the female sustenance and survival disadvantage. Even the economic growth showed an inverse relation with the juvenile sex ratio. The disaggregated panel data analysis by geographic units revealed that higher juvenile sex ratio is not an isolated phenomenon of rural West Godavari; rather the matter is dismal in urban units. It is alarming to note that sex ratio of age cohort 0-6 is inversely related to female education and female economic activity rate with relatively higher elasticity coefficients for urban West Godavari; catalyzed by the spread of sex determination tests and sex selective abortions, which played a key role in worsening the juvenile sex ratio. The spatial spill over effects associated with either geographic delineation or aggregation of States in terms of juvenile sex ratio is controlled in the models, however the spatial dependence of the phenomenon was found insignificant.

The argument that economic value of women increases their bargaining power in the intrahousehold decision making and the hypothesis of ”women‘s agency and empowerment‘ through higher educational attainment and participation in economic activity may not be refuted as the econometric results depicted an inverse relationship between labour force participation and juvenile sex ratio. Rather, the aggregate evidence could be interpreted as that improving female education and female labour force participation rate in the recent years has not translated effectively in terms of bettering the relative life chances of girls, reflecting their relative neglect in the intrahousehold. The monotonic decline in the juvenile sex ratio over the last four decades despite the improving socioeconomic characteristics reinforces the existence of gender discriminatory practices which starts even before birth; which requires urgent attention of public policy, as improving literacy and economic value of woman is necessary but not sufficient for enhancing the relative life chances of girl child.

 

 

Annexure VII: Sl. No. 14

Summary of the Project

 

Brief Summary of the Project

Women and girls in West Godavari District have more than matched with men and boys in national reconstruction and have contributed significantly to economic growth and social upliftment of the district. As on date women who are handling the offices of the President, Speaker of Lok Sabha, and Leader of the opposition in Lok Sabha are doing so with aplomb and grace. President of the ruling party and Chief Ministers of politically significant states like Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and West Bangal are women who have come to occupy these offices by virtue of their demonstrated capacity of winning the confidence of people of diverse strata. In various sports like athletics. Lawn games, golf, hockey, cricket, volley ball, basket ball, swimming, mountaineering, paragliding, weightlifting, etc., girls have come of age and have outshone the boys in many of these sports. Performance of girls in academics and competitive examinations has been as good, if not better, than boys. Even though women and girls are stepping out of the traditional occupation of agriculture and are marching ahead in the service sector, manufacturing and I.T industry, they continue.

But atrocities against women in various forms have been an integral part of the civilization since ages. However, india has unabashedly been home to some of the most barbaric acts against this ‘gentler’ breed of humanity, starting form dowry deaths and sati, going up to female infanticide and female foeticide. Technology facilitates a series of pre-natal diagnostic tools to identify and cure any potential birth defects and associated conditions. In a gross misuse of the scientific tools, female foetuses are selectively aborted after such pre-natal sex determination, in spite of a massive influx of legal regulations banning the same. Techniques such as Amniocentesis were introduced in 1975 to identift any genetic abnormalities Sadly, these soon became a tool for sex determination and proved to be call death for the tiny unborn female fetuses. 

In the backdrop of alarming magnitude of missing women due to unequal treatment in the intertemporal and spatial trends and socioeconomic determinants of the spatial variations in the relative neglect of girl child in West Godavari. Using fixed effects model of pooled least squares for the last four decennial census data across fifteen major states in West Godavari, the paper revealed that higher socio-economic characteristics (female literacy, female work force participation and economic growth) has not been translated effectively in terms of containing the female sustenance and survival disadvantage. Even the economic growth showed an inverse relation with the juvenile sex ratio. The disaggregated panel data analysis by geographic units revealed that higher juvenile sex ratio is not an isolated phenomenon of rural West Godavari; rather the matter is dismal in urban units. It is alarming to note that sex ratio of age cohort 0-6 is inversely related to female education and female economic activity rate with relatively higher elasticity coefficients for urban West Godavari; catalyzed by the spread of sex determination tests and sex selective abortions, which played a key role in worsening the juvenile sex ratio. The spatial spill over effects associated with either geographic delineation or aggregation of States in terms of juvenile sex ratio is controlled in the models, however the spatial dependence of the phenomenon was found insignificant.

The argument that economic value of women increases their bargaining power in the intrahousehold decision making and the hypothesis of ”women‘s agency and empowerment‘ through higher educational attainment and participation in economic activity may not be refuted as the econometric results depicted an inverse relationship between labour force participation and juvenile sex ratio. Rather, the aggregate evidence could be interpreted as that improving female education and female labour force participation rate in the recent years has not translated effectively in terms of bettering the relative life chances of girls, reflecting their relative neglect in the intrahousehold. The monotonic decline in the juvenile sex ratio over the last four decades despite the improving socioeconomic characteristics reinforces the existence of gender discriminatory practices which starts even before birth; which requires urgent attention of public policy, as improving literacy and economic value of woman is necessary but not sufficient for enhancing the relative life chances of girl child.

 

 

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